Dec 27, 2020

Types and Severity Levels of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Ehline, Michael, Injury AttorneyWhen you hit your head hard, probably the first thing that comes to mind is the thought of whether or not you suffered a concussion. While that is the most common type of brain injury, there are a few others that you should be wary of. Understanding all the different types of traumatic brain injuries can help to aid your personal injury case as you would better identify and prepare yourself for any complications.

The four common traumatic brain injuries or TBIs are listed below.


Often associated with vomiting, headaches, memory loss, disorientation, and problems with concentration. A blunt force causes this common but relatively minor brain injury to the head, resulting from violence, falling, or an auto accident. While concussions are generally non-fatal, a second impact concussion can cause lasting damage. This is called a recurrent TBI or second impact syndrome. Recently, we have heard a lot about these CTE types of cases in the NFL.

Depending on the degree of damage incurred by the first concussion, the second injury might cause more serious damage, even if it is less severe than the first. This can be fatal. Since concussions do not show up on scans, one must take precautions and follow up with your doctor if you hit your head soon after the first injury.

Brain Contusion

Contusions, otherwise known as bruising of the brain, is when small blood vessels on the brain tissue are damaged. While bruises on our skin are relatively harmless, a bruise on the brain can cause certain issues due to pressure buildup. Much like any other brain injury, it is caused by trauma to the head. Hitting your head against something hard, such as the floor, someone else’s skull, or even the steering wheel of a car.

If the force is strong enough, you might find the contusion on the opposite end of where you hit your head. This is because of the brain’s ricocheting movement inside the skull. These are called coup or contrecoup. Contusions can be minor, but they can also be fatal. Severe contusions might leave you with a disability.

Penetrating Brain Injuries

Happen when a foreign object pierces the skull. So it is known as a penetrating brain injury. However, if the skull has been fractured, bits and pieces of the bone might contact the brain and result in an injury. Depending on the severity, this can be fatal, such as a gunshot wound to the head, which caused the bullet to be lodged in the brain.

There are also instances of freak accidents in which a metal rod is embedded in Phineas Gage's head. He managed to survive his ordeal. According to those close to him, the accident caused severe damage to his frontal lobe and changed his personality. Brain damage can sometimes cause this to happen as parts of the brain that controls our perception of things are irrevocably altered.

Anoxic Brain Injuries

Drowning, having a heart attack, stroke, or a blood clot, could deprive the brain of oxygen. Within four to five minutes of oxygen deprivation, brain damage will commence as brain cells die. Sometimes the damage from this can be temporary, but severe oxygen deprivation can lead to coma or even death.

Need to schedule an appointment for legal advice in a city near you? Reach out to a California personal injury lawyer specialist near you or another location or practice area as follows:

Torrance wrongful death lawyer, Torrance car accident lawyer, Best Torrance motorcycle accident lawyer.

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Bus Accident lawyer in Newport Beach, CA, Redondo Beach Bicycle Pathway Accident Lawyers, Marina del Rey, CA accident lawyers near you.

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