Types and Severity Levels of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Ehline, Michael, Injury AttorneyWhen you hit your head hard, you may be wondering whether or not you suffered a concussion. True, concussions remain among the most common brain injury types, but brain injury victims must be wary of other brain injury symptoms and brain injury types. Understanding all the different types of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) will aid your personal injury case by helping you identify and prepare yourself for any complications. Below, our Los Angeles brain injury attorney, Michael Ehline, discusses four common brain injury types and symptoms.

The four common traumatic brain injuries or TBIs are listed below.


Blows usually cause concussions to the head, or violent shaking, often associated with vomiting, headaches, memory loss, disorientation, and concentration problems. A blunt force causes this common but relatively minor head/brain injury, resulting from violence, falling, or an auto accident impact forces. While concussions are generally non-fatal, a second impact concussion can cause lasting damage. This is called a recurrent TBI or second impact syndrome. Recently, we have heard a lot about these CTE types of cases in the NFL.

Depending on the degree of damage incurred by the first concussion, a second, less severe injury might cause more damage. You can suffer a fatality since concussions do not show up on scans. So you must be the one to take precautions by immediately following up with your doctor and assuring your medical report documents if you hit your head soon after the first injury.

Brain Contusion

Contusions, otherwise known as bruising of the brain, is when small blood vessels on the brain tissue are damaged. While bruises on our skin are relatively harmless, a bruise on the brain can cause specific issues due to pressure buildup. Much like any other brain injury, it is caused by trauma to the head, such as hitting your head against something hard, like a floor, someone else’s skull, or even against your car’s steering wheel.

If the impact force is strong enough, you might find the contusion on the opposite end of your head strike location. Your brain’s ricocheting movement inside your skull is called coup or contrecoup. A brain contusion can be minor, but severe bruises can be fatal, leaving you disabled.

Penetrating Brain Injuries

If your head is penetrated by a foreign object piercing the skull, this is medically known as a penetrating brain injury. However, if your skull was fractured, sharp, fragmented bits and bone pieces might contact your brain matter, worsening the injury. Depending on how severe your brain damage is, it can be fatal, such as a gunshot wound to the head, lodging the bullet in your brain.

Historically, we have also seen freak accidents, including a metal rod being embedded in railroad construction foreman Phineas P. Gage’s head (1823–1860). Gage managed to survive his ordeal, but according to his loved ones and his closest friends, the accident caused severe frontal lobe damage, altering his personality permanently. (A sizeable iron rod drove through his head, ruining the more significant part of this brain’s left frontal lobe area. he was to live twelve additional years, but he was “no longer Gage.”  Brain damage from these head penetrations can destroy our perception of things and even cause loss of bladder, and other bodily functions, irrevocably altering you and your loved one’s lives.

Anoxic Brain Injuries

Drowning, having a heart attack, stroke, or a blood clot, could deprive the brain of oxygen. Within four to five minutes of oxygen deprivation, brain damage will commence as brain cells die. Sometimes the damage from this can be temporary, but severe oxygen deprivation can lead to coma or even death. If you suffered a severe brain injury in Southern California, and wish to receive legal advice from a local, negligence, civil law attorney, contact the Los Angeles personal injury attorneys at California’s Ehline Law Firm Personal Injury Attorneys, APLC today. We take calls 24 hours a day, seven days per week, and offer free legal advice during your free consultation. Everything you tell us is secret and confidential. Telephone us at (213) 596-9642, or you can fill out our convenient online contact form to receive faster legal representation.

Ehline Law Firm - Personal Injury Attorneys, APLC
Attorney at Law
Michael P. Ehline Esq,
Downtown Los Angeles Corporate Offices

Downtown Los Angeles Office
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Ehline Law Firm - Personal Injury Attorneys, APLC
Attorney at Law

Michael P. Ehline Esq,

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