The infection can result in primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM).
This is a rare brain infection that can happen when water containing the amoeba rushes up your nose and reaches your brain. Let’s explore the details of the news with Ehline Law and our California personal injury attorneys. It may not be that foreseeable, as it is the first in the state’s history. But let’s take a look and see and compare with a public swimming pool.
On Sunday, August 14, 2022, a child started to experience fever, headache, and body stiffness after swimming in the Elkhorn River in northeastern Nebraska.
Worried about his health, his parents moved him immediately to a local hospital for medical care. However, according to Douglas County Health Department federal health officials, the Nebraska child died on Wednesday, succumbing to what doctor’s believed was a rare, suspected infection. The infection can result in primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM). Unlike a brain injury from drowning, this is a disease, not oxygen deprivation.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stepped in and conducted further tests to confirm the cause of death. The results suggested primary amebic meningoencephalitis, a rare infection caused by Naegleria Fowleri, a brain-eating amoeba.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and federal health officials, and other health experts, the suspected infection is generally caused by the brain-eating amoeba entering the human body through the nose.
The death of the Nebraska boy is the second death in the Midwest this year. In July 2022, according to health officials, a Missouri resident died from a rare infection from swimming in the Lake of Three Fires in Iowa, similar to how the Nebraska child died, the first in Nebraska’s history.
According to the CDC, the United States sees about three of these infections annually. Millions of recreational water exposures occur annually; however, the US federal data reports only 31 cases between 2012 and 2021. The rare infection is almost always fatal, with only four survivors out of 154 cases reported since 1962, according to the state’s Department of Health and Human Services.
Infections from the brain-eating amoeba typically occur in the summer months when the water flow slows down and heats up. Historically, most cases are from southern states, but according to Nebraska state health officials, recent cases are occurring further north.
The CDC warns citizens not to swim in warm freshwater (e.g., lakes, rivers, and hot springs) as the rare amoeba thrives in water warmer than 86°. People should avoid going underwater, or if they’re doing so, they must plug their noses.
Naegleria Fowleri does not spread from drinking contaminated water, nor is it contagious, meaning the amoeba does not spread through human contact. Besides the Elkhorn river, or any other warm freshwater lakes or water sources, the amoeba can also thrive in swimming pools that are not cleaned properly.
According to the CDC, here are some symptoms of Naegleria Fowleri infections:
These symptoms start to deteriorate, and individuals might experience a stiff neck which can progress to seizures, hallucinations, and coma.
Swimming in warm waters in the Southern states is one of the most common causes of the rare infection caused by Naegleria Fowleri. However, due to climate change, water bodies in the Northern states, such as the Elkhorn river, are getting warm, becoming the perfect environment for these brain-eating amoeba to live. However, these are usually public places that you use or swim in at your own risk.
In a nutshell, negligence means the “failure to use reasonable care, resulting in damage or injury to another.” (Source – Oxford Dictionary.)
Besides flowing water, swimming pools around the country are getting warmer, and without proper maintenance, they can also become a ground for Naegleria Fowleri to grow, albeit infections are rare. None the less, the risk of infection in lakes and rivers is real and about three cases are discovered in the U.S. annually.
Here, there was no swimming pool, so it is doubtful we can argue the state or local government had a duty to disallow swimming, let alone be responsible, as the disease itself is rare. On the other hand, it is foreseeable that a child could get sick from swimming in a lake. The facts are not clear enough to pinpoint legal liability on an at-fault party who failed to prevent infection.
California is the leading state with the most inground swimming pools in the United States. Failure to clean pools can result in rare brain-eating amoeba after swimming in a person, leading to wrongful death. Individuals can contract the infection from white-water rafting excursions, recreational water parks, hot springs, and other water activities.
If an infection caused by brain-eating amoeba killed your loved one and was due to somebody else’s negligence, contact us at (833) LETS-SUE for a free consultation, as you may qualify for financial compensation.