Jan 9, 2019

Forms of Elder Abuse - Exhaustive List


Caring nurse holding kind elderly lady's hands in bed.
Caring nurse holding a kind elderly lady's hands in a hospital bed.

Abuse of the elderly is a problem that is growing. We don’t know why it happens or how to stop the spread of this kind of behavior. We created an exhaustive list of elder abuse in its many forms.

For the list of the more common types go here. One of the things that can be done is for the concerned person, to know the warning signs. That way, if a possible problem exists, people can call for help. Our firm stands ready in help any way needed. Contact us for more info today.


Physical Abuse Defined

The definition of physical abuse is the use of force, which can result in bodily injury, impairment or physical pain. This type of damage can include acts of violence, such as hitting, slapping, pinching, striking. And this could be with or without using an object.

For example, pushing, shoving, shaking, beating, kicking and burning could be the method, not limited to use of force. There can also be the inappropriate use of physical restraints; force-feeding, use of drugs, and any type of physical punishment. All are also physical abuse.


What Are Some Physical Abuse Signs and Symptoms of Elder Abuse?

These are the most exhaustive results of physical abuse but are not limited to these signs or symptoms.

  • A report by an older adult of being mistreated, hit, slapped, or kicked.
  • Caregiver’s refusal to allow the older adult to be seen by visitors alone.
  • Sudden changes in the elderly person’s behavior.
  • Physical signs of being subjected to punishment.
  • Signs of being restrained, such as wrist and ankle bruising, lacerations, or red marks. There may be signs of a lack of proper circulation to the heels.
  • Broken eyeglass frames.
  • Unexplained or frequent bruising, lacerations and welts.
  • Sprains and dislocations.
  • Fractured bones, broken bones and skull fractures.
  • Open wounds, cuts, and punctures.
  • Signs of untreated wounds in various stages of healing.
  • Rope burns.
  • Internal injuries and bleeding.
  • Underuse of prescribed drugs.
  • Laboratory findings of medication overdoses.

Sexual Abuse of Dependents

Sexual abuse is a form of physical abuse, which is the act of non-consensual contact of any type with an elderly adult. This mistreatment can be sexual contact with anyone, who is not capable of giving consent.

Sexual abuse and rape are not limited to unwanted touching. So this includes all types of sexual assault, battery, including rape, sodomy, sexually explicit photos, and coerced nudity.

Sexual Abuse Signs and Symptoms

In addition, signs include:

  • The report by an older adult of being sexually assaulted or raped.
  • Bruising around the breasts or genital area.
  • Stained, torn or bloody underclothing.
  • Unexplained vaginal or anal bleeding.
  • Genital infections
  • Venereal disease

Emotional or Psychological Abuse

The definition of emotional or psychological abuse is the infliction of pain, distress or anguish by verbal or non-verbal acts. In addition, this type of abuse includes verbal assaults, insults, intimidation, humiliation, harassment, and threats. Secondly, there are not limits on the types of elder abuse.

Isolating an elderly person from his or her family or activities, or giving them the “silent treatment.” These are all forms of forced social isolation. Hence, they are forms of emotional or psychological abuse. Threatening a senior is analogous to abuse of an infant. After all, they are dependent on the healthcare provider or nursing home staff.


Emotional or Psychological Abuse Signs and Symptoms

These are common signs and symptoms of emotional or psychological abuse but are not limited to these.

  • Reports by the elderly person of being verbally or emotionally mistreated.
  • Extremely withdrawn behavior.
  • Non-communicative
  • Non-responsive
  • Unusual behavior, which could be attributed as signs of dementia, but is not in reality, including rocking, sucking and biting.

More Signs Of Elderly Neglect

Neglect can take several forms, generally refusing the elderly adult from shelter, food, water, personal hygiene, personal safety, medicine, comfort and other essentials, which are agreed upon or implied in the caretaker's responsibility to an older adult.

Neglect can be the failure or refusal in any way of a person or staff members obligated duties to the elderly person. It can also be a failure on the part of a person, who has fiduciary roles. So it's a failure to provide care for the elderly person.

  • Part of elder care means paying for necessary home care services or long-term care facility costs.
  • Failure to disburse funds for this care can be a failure of an in-home service provider. For example, giving the necessary attention.

What are Some Signs and Symptoms of Neglect?

Furthermore, common signs include:

  • Reports of neglect by the elderly adult.
  • Dehydration
  • Malnutrition
  • Lack of personal hygiene.
  • Untreated or unattended health issues.
  • Untreated bed sores and other wounds.
  • Unsafe or hazardous living conditions. Secondly, unsafe living conditions can include no running water, no heat, and improper wiring.
  • Unsanitary or Unclean living conditions. Likewise, this filthy life can include dirty living conditions; urine/ fecal odor, inadequate clothing or soiled clothing, soiled bedding, fleas, and lice.

What is Abandonment?

The definition of elderly abandonment abuse, is the desertion of an older adult, by the individual who has assumed the responsibility of caring for them, or by an individual, who has physical custody of the older adult.

Abandonment - Signs and Symptoms?

The signs and symptoms of abandonment can include the following, but are not limited to them:

  • A report by the elderly person of abandonment
  • Despondency
  • Bedsores
  • Fear of hands
  • Many more signs here.

Desertion of an elderly person at any of the following:

  • Shopping centers
  • Public locations
  • Hospitals
  • Nursing facilities
  • Long-term healthcare facilities
  • The desertion of the elderly adult at any other places

Financial or Material Exploitation?

The definition of financial or material exploitation is the improper or illegal use of a senior's funds, assets or property, by an another. This abuse can be the cashing of the older adult's checks, without permission or authorization. It could include forging their signature, stealing or misusing their possessions or money.

Deceiving or coercing an older adult to sign documents, contacts or wills is part of it. But it can also be the improper use of guardianship, power of attorney or conservatorship. Seniors in special homes often do not realize the issue. They often do not realize it until it is too late. A steady eye prevents many of these serious concerns. Children or grandchildren play a vital role in preventing these issues.


Signs and Symptoms of Financial or Material Exploitation?

These are common signs and symptoms of financial or material exploitation of an older adult. Not limited to:

  • A person reporting strange financial transactions. This includes bank statements.
  • Unnecessary and costly transactions. These include large purchases.
  • Unpaid bills, even when there is adequate availability of financial resources.
  • Relatives or strangers not involved in care declaring their rights to property.
  • People adding themselves to bank cards.
  • Sudden changes in banking practices or bank accounts. This can mean the withdrawal of large sums of money by an individual and may be accompanied by an elderly adult.
  • Sudden transfers of assets to a family member or someone that is not related to the elderly adult.
  • Sudden changes in financial documents or wills.
  • Forgery of the elderly person’s signature for financial transactions or titles of his or her possessions.
  • Withdrawals using the elderly person’s ATM cards to remove their funds.
  • The unexplained disappearance of funds or possessions.

Self Neglect

This type of self-inflicted harm can occur and is not so easily spotted unless the care provider is on top of their game. This insecurity occurs when an older adult’s behavior becomes a threat to his or her safety. This insecurity typically happens with an older adult, who refuses or fails to provide themselves with shelter, adequate food, water, clothing. Often, personal hygiene or prescribed medications, as well as practicing safety precautions are at risk.

Self-neglect does not include situations where the older adult is mentally competent. It means they must have a complete faculties of their decisions. This is a conscious or voluntary decision to act in a way that could threaten his or her health or safety and is a choice. So it means they know, rather than not being aware of the results.

What are Some Signs and Symptoms of Self Neglect?

In addition, common signs of self-neglect often include, but are not limited to:

  • Malnutrition
  • Dehydration
  • Improper or untreated medical conditions.
  • Lack of proper personal hygiene.
  • Living in unclean or unsanitary conditions. This condition can include insects, urine or fecal odor, non-working toilet, and animal waste.
  • Unsafe or hazardous living conditions. This includes having no running water, indoor plumbing, no heat or improper wiring.
  • Living in unfit housing.
  • Being homeless.

Contact Us

Above are the many signs and symptoms of elder abuse and neglect. Furthermore, if you have seen this in a person under care, or elderly, do the right thing. Report this to law enforcement and help the victim get an elder abuse attorney. Root out the problem at its source. Contact the police as soon as you can.

Our attorneys care about each of our clients. The firm's head is Michael Ehline. Ehline is a former Marine who angers at the thought of our elders' abuse. We answer the phone day and night. Our firm also comes to you wherever you are. We offer a free, no-pressure visit. Our decades of experience are on full display. See why our former clients trust us so much. In summary, contact us for more information. Other Sources:

https://nyceac.com/elder-justice-dispatch-a-round-up-of-elder-justice-news-january-2013/