Posted on Personal Injury FAQ / Blog / Preponderance of Evidence Claims

What is Preponderance of Evidence In A Civil Court Action?


Top injury lawyer, Michael Ehline in LAIn civil injury cases, the standard of proof in California’s local courts is the preponderance of the evidence. The plaintiff’s burden is to prove the defendant’s liability to pay for things like pain, suffering, loss of sex, loss of love, loss of affection, and economic losses from medical expenses, and lost work.

But how the standard comes into play varies from one jurisdiction and the court to another. Using the facts is how the best personal injury lawyers in Los Angeles make the case successful. And many of the civil lawsuits filed are personal injury claims. In other words, they are negligence claims using tort law.

And they require the plaintiff or injured party to prove specific elements:

  • The defendant or negligent party owed a duty of care to the injured plaintiff.
  • The negligent party or defendant breached the duty of care.
  • But the plaintiff must have suffered injuries due to the violation of the duty of reasonable care by the negligent party.

The elements of a case, which is the plaintiff’s burden to prove in a civil lawsuit, involve credible evidence. So it might require documents, police reports, medical documents, expert testimony, and witness statements.

This is used to show the at-fault party caused the injuries and that they had a duty of care. The defendant will have an opportunity to present evidence to combat and contradict the plaintiff’s case. Afterward, or upon objections raised, the judge or jury will weigh the party’s evidence to determine if the plaintiff proved its case.


How Do Jurors Weigh The Evidence?

Their job as jurors is to weigh the evidence and return a decision. The preponderance of proof is the evidence with greater weight in convincing the judge or jury. Even if this tips the scale just a tiny bit, the plaintiff should rightly win. But proving liability in a civil case means having significant evidence to sway the jury. So now, your side of the matter is more believable than the opposing party’s case. Thus, if one side convinces the judge or jury by 51%, they win.

However, some juries have been known to find fault and award a penny or “dollar” if they dislike the plaintiff. Thus, the art of legal advocacy and taking on likable clients is one of the oft-unspoken aspects of a case that is arguably even more important than proving a case.

Many experienced attorneys can look through a plaintiff’s case and see into the victim’s soul. If the victim comes off like a jerk, this fact alone could mean a hollow victory.

So this remains an exceptional sub-issue of proving a case worthy of further discussion. Are you having a hard time getting a lawyer to listen to you? You are not alone. Rest assured that one of our motivated and charismatic lawyers is all ears. We even offer free legal advice over the telephone to earn your trust and respect. Or you can use our efficient contact us form online today. To speak to a serious injury lawyer near you, call (213) 596-9642.

Citations: “Preponderance” – Cornell University: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/preponderance

Ehline Law Firm - Personal Injury Attorneys, APLC
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Michael P. Ehline Esq.
Downtown Los Angeles Corporate Offices

Downtown Los Angeles Office
633 West 5th Street #2890
Los Angeles, CA 90071
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Los Angeles, CA 90071
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