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Date Modified: September 9, 2023

One of the most annoying things after a car accident, slip or fall, or any other accident an injured victim can face is the insurance adjuster trying to be “mischievous.” You’ve been injured in an accident and are suffering injuries, and an insurance adjuster is only out there to find ways to reduce your payout. They’ll ask you for information or have you sign documents without you knowing what is happening, only to discover later that they’ve used it against you. Ehline Law and our personal injury attorneys have over a decade of experience successfully handling personal injury claims and ensuring our clients receive the compensation they deserve.

  • Video Transcript - How Does a Prior Injury Affect the Value of My Claim?

    Video Transcript - How Does a Prior Injury Affect the Value of My Claim?

    "0:00 how does a prior injury affect the value

    0:02 of my claim a prior injury can affect a

    0:06 value of your claim in many ways often

    0:09 the defense industry will argue that

    0:11 since there was a prior injury you’re

    0:13 entitled to nothing however it is well

    0:16 known and taught in law schools that you

    0:19 take your plaintiff as you find him it’s

    0:22 called the eggshell skull theory so if

    0:25 Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall and had an

    0:27 eggshell skull and someone pushed him

    0:30 off and he broke it he would be entitled

    0:32 to recover to have his broken body put

    0:34 back together again it’s irrelevant that

    0:36 he had an unusually weak body it could 0:39 be a grandma it could be Lou Ferrigno it

    0:42 doesn’t matter if the grandma breaks

    0:43 every bone in her body she’s entitled to

    0:45 recover the full amount however what the

    0:48 defense industry will often do is argue

    0:51 that this is an exacerbation of a

    0:53 pre-existing condition and therefore

    0:55 whatever pain suffering or injuries were

    0:58 pre-existing should be offset by the

    1:01 current condition in order to reduce the

    1:04 amount of damages they will have to pay. [Music]"

Contact our skilled personal injury lawyer to discuss your case if you’ve suffered an injury that may overlap with your pre-existing conditions.

How Does a Prior Injury Affect the Value of My Claim?

If you’ve had a prior accident, pre-existing injuries, or medical condition, the adjuster will argue that your current injuries did not happen because of their insured. It is important to remember that you don’t have to accept what the adjuster is telling you because you have a right to fair compensation for your injuries caused by someone else’s negligence, whether it is an aggravation of previous injuries or a new injury.


Prior injuries or “pre-existing ailments” may affect the amount of recovery that is awarded. Ailments may offset the awarded amount, resulting in a lower payoff than a fully healthy person would have received. Suppose a plaintiff previously had a broken arm and got in a car crash, and exited with a broken arm. In that case, it is unlikely that a court would award him full damages for a broken arm that he previously was already afflicted with unless the broken arm or residual condition was worsened.

Examples could include the healed arm being broken at the same weakened spot, requiring special surgery and titanium screws. This would be an eggshell skull fact pattern as well. With over 30 years of combined experience, we can answer your questions swiftly and competently. Did you or your loved one suffer a pre-existing injury, and now the insurance adjuster is refusing to pay you a fair value?

Learn more about personal injury law here by calling our experienced civil law attorneys in Los Angeles 24/7 by dialing (213) 596-9642 or by using our convenient online contact us form to discover more about your rights to receive a just amount of financial compensation.

Proving Negligence and Establishing Liability

When filing a personal injury claim with a third-party insurer, you need to prove the other person’s liability by proving that they were negligent.

Elements of Negligence

There are four key components to proving negligence, and these include:

  • Duty of care: the plaintiff must prove that the defendant had a duty of care to them.
  • Breach: the plaintiff must show that the defendant breached that duty by doing something wrong or failing to take reasonable action to prevent the accident.
  • Cause: the plaintiff must show that the breach directly resulted in their injuries.
  • Damages: the plaintiff must prove that the negligence resulted in damages by showing evidence material, such as medical records and bills.

To prove liability, you require substantial evidence that can strengthen your case, and several credible types of evidence include photographs, witness statements, police reports, and medical records.

Separating Prior Injuries from New Injuries in a Personal Injury Claim

When you’re at the hospital for a medical evaluation, you need to tell them the details of your injuries, which would later help distinguish your prior injury from the new one. Describe to the medical provider your symptoms in detail, where you’re feeling pain, how much pain you are experiencing, and if you have any movement limitations following the accident.

What you’re trying to do by explaining in detail to your medical provider is to create a distance between your pre-existing injury and your new injury—the more distance you can put between them, the better. As part of growing old, most of us start to experience wear and tear on our bones and joints. At times, you may not be aware of your previous medical conditions, such as osteoporosis which may appear on imaging tests conducted after an accident.

If you didn’t have any back pain or other symptoms prior to the accident, the discovery of pre-existing condition is not a reason an insurer should reduce your claim. However, they use whatever they can to coerce injured victims into taking a low settlement offer. It would help if you told your doctors about your symptoms and when you started experiencing them to ensure a strong personal injury claim.

If you’ve had previous injuries, it will help if you reach out to the doctor who treated you to document the details of your past injuries when they happened, your treatment plan, the doctor’s prognosis, and when you finished your treatment. Confirming that the treatment successfully reduced pain or other problems you were facing back then can bolster your case. It can also prove that the current symptoms you are experiencing started with the recent accident and not because of old wounds or injuries.

When to Disclose Pre-Existing Injuries

When you file an insurance claim, you must disclose your prior injuries to the medical and legal teams. However, the way you talk about your pre-existing injury can make or break your claim.

Insurers Can Use Recorded Statements Against You

Adjusters are not looking out for your best interests and will find all sorts of reasons to limit financial exposure. Before the adjuster even asks you about medical records, they may require you to provide a recorded statement.

Language matters in the legal world, and how you present your case can affect the outcome. You can put a dent in your injury claim by saying something you shouldn’t or agreeing with what the adjuster is talking to you about. They’re trained in the art of “admissions against interest,” using your words against you.

Consulting with a qualified personal injury lawyer before giving any statement to the adjuster is your legal right. If you’re suffering from serious injuries, it is crucial to have a skilled personal injury attorney present with you before you give any statement.

Beware of Medical Release Forms the Insurance Company Wants You to Sign

Besides making you say things that can hurt your case, the adjuster will ask you to sign forms, including a medical release form. They will make it sound like they’re helping you with the injury claims process and doing you a favor. However, they’re trying to find any medical history they can hold against you.

You must read any forms the insurer wants you to sign. You’re not legally obligated to use their forms as the legal jargon in them could get them access to complete medical history, even 10 or 20 years before the accident. Although you must provide them with medical records, bills, and other documentation to support your claim, you can limit the insurer’s access to your health information. An experienced injury attorney will have a medical records template that you can use to request documents concerning your pre-existing condition.

Don’t Lie about Your Previous Injury or Pre-existing Condition to the Insurance Company

Some injured victims make the mistake of lying to the insurance company about their prior injuries or pre-existing condition, which seriously affects their claim. It adversely impacts the victim’s credibility and can blindside them during negotiations. If you have a complicated injury claim arising from your pre-existing injuries, it is best to let an experienced personal injury attorney handle it.

California Eggshell Injury Rule Is on Your Side

Like many other states, California follows the eggshell skull doctrine, which recognizes that an accident can worsen pre-existing conditions. However, the defendant cannot escape liability even if the plaintiff is more susceptible to injuries due to their medical history.

Schedule a Free Consultation

Whether injured victims suffer injuries in a car accident, a slip and fall accident, or any other accident, it may overlap with their pre-existing conditions making personal injury cases more challenging. It would help if you didn’t suffer financially due to another’s negligence, especially because of your past injury. Contact us at (833) LETS-SUE for a free consultation with our experienced personal injury attorney.

Our attorneys have successfully handled claims involving pre-existing conditions in the past. We can help create a strong personal injury case that distinguishes between your previous and current injuries and fight for a fair settlement.

Michael Ehline is an inactive U.S. Marine and world-famous legal historian. Michael helped draft the Cruise Ship Safety Act and has won some of U.S. history’s largest motorcycle accident settlements. Together with his legal team, Michael and the Ehline Law Firm collect damages on behalf of clients.
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Michael Ehline

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We pride ourselves on being available to answer your most pressing and difficult questions 24/7. We are proud sponsors of the Paul Ehline Memorial Motorcycle Ride and a Service Disabled Veteran Operated Business. (SDVOB.) We are ready to fight.